Our kidneys are always at work. Day and night, they help eliminate toxins and waste from the body. In addition to the key functions that the kidneys plan in eliminating toxins and waste, they are also responsible for:
– Regulating the amount of fluid within the body
– Maintaining internal homeostasis (balance) that is crucial to health
– Creating urine from by-products
Many kidney diseases affect different areas of the organ. Most conditions do not affect the kidney or its structure. In contrast, most disorders are due to problems with the renal artery and vein (the blood vessels leading to the kidney), kidney tissue or the ureter, which is responsible for the transfer of urine from the kidney. to the bladder.
Renal disorders are unique because their symptoms are very similar, even identical. Here we discuss the seven most common symptoms of kidney disorders.
1. Irregular urine odor
The smell of urine can vary from person to person. This depends to a large extent on the diet, the level of hydration, the level of physical activity or the temperature of the environment.
Most people have some kind of “smell of ammonia and mold” due to traces of urea in their urine. (Urea is an essential organic element in the process or urination).
In case of renal dysfunction, it is common for the urine to smell like fish or have a sweet smell. Diabetes, liver disease and even some supplements can also change the smell of urine.
open next page to see 6 Signs of Unhealthy Kidneys
2. Changes in urine color
In a healthy person, the urine will have a pale yellow tone. Those who drink a lot of water may have clearer or clearer urine, which are also normal. Dehydration can produce a dark yellow color, which in itself is not necessarily dangerous, but should serve as a reminder to drink more fluids.
Brown, black, orange, pink, or red urine is abnormal and may indicate an underlying disorder or disease. The blood in the urine (hematuria) produces red to pink urine, and you must tell us to see a doctor to rule out a serious health problem.
3. Visible changes in urine
The urine is about 95% water. The remaining 5% is a mixture of minerals, metabolized drugs and other substances. The high concentration of water usually produces urine that varies from light yellow to dark depending on the level of hydration.
When there are visible changes, such is the presence of pus or foam in the urine; It is necessary to take stock. Excess protein in the urine can also be a problem, but it is not always visible. Pus or foam in the urine can result from an underlying infection.
4. Pain in abdominal area
Because the kidneys are located in the abdominal cavity, where there are many other organs, it can be difficult to determine the source of the pain without the help of a doctor. However, pain in the kidneys tends to be around the edges of the abdomen and back.
A burning sensation when urinating, despite popular belief, is not usually a kidney problem. Instead, it is more likely to be a urinary tract infection or a urinary tract infection. Of course, a urinary infection requires medical intervention and treatment.
5. Urine frequency
In general, a healthy person will grow from approximately 16 to 100 ounces of water, depending on the amount of water consumed. (Health is considered to be between 60 and 100 ounces).
Kidney problems can produce an excess or lack of urine expelled. A condition called oliguria will cause a person to produce less urine than normal. Polyuria is when a person expels more than 100 ounces of water a day. Once again, water consumption has a lot to do with it. However, sudden changes in the frequency of urine without altering fluid intake can be cause for concern.
6. Swelling, nausea, and shortness of breath
Swelling, especially of the legs, may arise because the kidneys can not expel normal amounts of urine. This condition is more generally described as a “water retention”. Shortness of breath can occur when the pH of the blood is irregular, which increases the load on the respiratory system. Nausea (an extremely broad symptom) can emerge as by-products accumulate in the bloodstream.
7. Other symptoms
The kidney, like many other vital organs, can produce apparently unrelated symptoms. Some symptoms reported by health professionals when diagnosing a kidney disease include confusion, headaches, fatigue, muscle cramps, seizures and skin discoloration.
Prevention and treatment
It is also important to mention that some racial and ethnic groups have a higher risk of kidney failure than others. Compared to Caucasians, the rate for African Americans is almost 4 times higher; Native Americans and Hispanics, 1.5 times higher and Asian, 1.4 times higher.
The two main causes of kidney disease are diabetes (approximately 44%) and high blood pressure (28%). By kidney.org, the five best ways to protect your kidneys are:
– Eating healthier foods, and having a well-balanced diet
– Limiting salt and caffeine intake
– Prioritizing rest (not overworking)
– Regular exercise
– Reduction of sugar and fat intake